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Zhenan Bao

Associate Professor, Chemical Engineering, Stanford University


Telephone: (650)723-2419
Fax: (650)723-9780

Selected Publications:

  1. Bao, Z., "New High Mobility Organic Semiconductors".
  2. Bao, Z., "Air-Stable n-Channel copper Hexachlorophthalocyanine for Field-Effect Transistors".
  3. Locklin, J., Bao, Z.;  "Effect of Morphology on Organic Thin-Film Transistor Sensors". Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 384, 322-335, 2006.
  4. Briseno, A. L., Roberts, M., Ling, M. M., Moon, H., Bao, Z.; "Patterning Organic Semiconductors Using "Dry" Polydimethylsiloxane Elastomeric Stamps for Organic Electronic Applications". J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 128, 3880-3881, 2006. (Highlighted in materials Today, May 2006).
  5. Tang, M. L., Okamoto, T., Bao, Z.; "High Performance Organic Semiconductors: Asymmetric Linear Acenes Containing Sulphur". J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 128, 160002-160003, 2006.
  6. Briseno, A. L., Miao, Q., Ling, M. M., Reese, C., Meng, H., Bao, Z., Wudl, F.; "Hexathiapentacene: Structure, Molecular Packing and Thin-Film Transistors". J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 128, 15576-15577, 2006.
  7. Liu, S., Tok, J. B.-H., Locklin, J., Bao, Z.; "Assembly and Alignment of Metallic Nanorods on Surfaces with Patterned Wettability". Small, 2, 1448-1453, 2006.
  8. Ling, M. M., Li, D. W., Bao, Z.; "Transistor Performance of Top, Rough Surface of Pentacene Measured by Laminated, Double Insulated-Gate Supported on a Poly (dimethylsiloxanes) Base Structure". Appl. Phys. Lett., 88, 033502, 2006.
  9. Ling, M., Erk, P., Bao, Z.; "Air-Stable n-Channel Copper Hexachlorophthalocyanine for Field-Effect Transistors". Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 163516, 2006.
  10. Briseno, A., Tseng, R., Ling, M., Chen, H., Bao, Z., Falcao, E., Wudl, F., Li, S., Chu, C., Yang, Y., Meng, H., Kloc,C.; "Organic Single-Crystal Complementary Inverters". Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 222111, 2006.
  11. Reese, C. Bao, Z.; "Organic Single Crystals: Tools for the Exploration of Charge Transport Phenomena in Organic Materials". J. Mater. Chem., 16, 329-333, 2006. (Highlighted as the cover image of that issue.)
  12. Ling, M., Bao, Z.; "Copper Hexafluorophthalocyanine Field-Effect Transistors with Enhanced Mobility by Soft Contact Lamination". Org. Elect., 7, 568-575, 2006.
  13. Devine, R. A. B., Ling, M. M., Malik, A. B., Roberts, M. E., Bao, Z.; "X-Ray Irradiation Effects in Top Contact, Pentacene Based Field Effect Transistors for Space Related Applications". Appl. Phys. Lett., 88, 151907-151907, 2006.
  14. Reese, C., Chung, W-. J., Ling, M. M., Roberts, M., Bao, Z.; "High-Performance Microscale Single-Crystal Transistors by Lithography on an Elastomer Dielectric". Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 202108, 2006.
  15. Locklin, J., Ling, M. M., Sung, A., Roberts, M., Bao, Z.; "High Performance Organic Semiconductors Based on Fluorene-Phenylene Oligomers with High Ionization Potentials". Adv. Mater., 18, 2989-2992, 2006.
  16. Tang, M., Roberts, M., Locklin, J., Ling, M., Meng, H., Bao, Z.; "Structure Property Relationships: Asymmetric Oligofluorene-Thiophen Molecules for Organic TFT's". Chem. Mater., 18, 6250-6257, 2006.
  17. Briseno, A. L., Mannsfel, S., Ling, M. M., Tseng, R. J., Liu, S. H., Reese, C., Roberts, M., Yang, Y., Wudl, F., Bao, Z.; "Large-area Patterning of Organic Single-crystal Arrays". Nature, 444, 913-917, 2006.
  18. Locklin, J., Roberts, M., Mannsfeld, S. C. B., Bao, Z.; "Optimizing the Thin Film Morphology of Organic Field-Effect Transistors: The Influence of Molecular Structure and Vacuum Deposition Parameters on Device Performance". Poly. Rev., 46, 79-101, 2006.
  19. De Longchamp, D. M., Ling, M. M., Roberts, M., Jung, Y. S., Fischer, D. A., Lind, E., Bao, Z.; "Depth Profiling Microstructure in Thin Films of an Oligofluorene Derivative Using Interface-sensitive Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy". Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128, 16579-12586, 2006.
  20. Briseno, A. L., Tseng, R. J., Ling, M. M., Falcao, E. H. L., Yang, Y., Wudl, F., Bao, Z.; "High-Performance Organic Single-Crystal Transistors on Flexible Substrates". Adv. Mater., 18, 2320-2324, 2006.
  21. Bao, Z., “Crosslinked Dielectric Layer”.
  22. Bao, Z., “Large Arrays of Organic Semiconductor Single Crystals”.
  23. Shin, T.J., Yang, H., Ling, M.M., Locklin, J., Yang, L., Lee, B., Roberts, M.E., Mallik, A., Bao, Z.; “Tunable Thin-Film Crystalline Structures and Field-Effect Mobility of Oligofluorene–Thiophene Derivatives”. Chem. Mater., 19, 5882-5889, 2007.

    Mannsfeld, S.C.B., Briseno, A., Liu, S., Reese, C., Roberts, M.E., Bao, Z.; “Selective Nucleation of Organic Single Crystals on Nanoscopically Rough Surfaces”. Adv. Func. Mater. 19, 3545-3553, 2007.

    Mallik, A.B., Locklin, J.J., Mannsfeld, S., Reese, C., Roberts, M., Senatore, M., Zi, H., Bao, Z.; “Design, Synthesis, and Transistor Performance of Organic Semiconductors” in “Organic Thin Film Transistors”. Z. Bao and J.J. Locklin Eds, CRC Press, 2007.


    Riposan, A., Li, Y., Tan, Y. H., Galli, G., Liu, G.; “Structural Characterization of Aldehyde-Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers”. J. Phys. Chem. A, 111, 12727, 2007.


    Liu, M.; Amro, N.; Liu, G.-Y.; “Nanografting for Surface Physical Chemistry”. Annul Review of Physical Chemistry, 59, 367-386, 2008.

  24. Yuan, Q., Mannsfeld, S. C. B., Tang, M., Toney, M. F., Luning, J., Bao, Z.; “Thin Film Structure of Tetraceno[2,3-b]thiophene Characterized by Grazing Incidence X-ray Scattering and Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Analysis”. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130, 3502-358, 2008.

    Liu, S., Mannsfeld, S. C. B., LeMieux, M. C. H., Lee, W., Bao, Z.; “Organic Semiconductor-Carbon Nanotube Bundle Bilayer Field Effect Transistors with Enhanced Mobilities and High On/Off Ratios”. Appl. Phys. Lett., 92, 053306, 2008.

    Oh, J. H., Schmidt, R., Liu, S., Würthner, F., Bao, Z.; “Air-Stable n-Channel Organic Thin-Film Transistors With High Field-Effect Mobility Based on N,N¢-bis(heptafluorobutyl)-3,4:9,10-Perylene Diimide”. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 07, 2007.


    Ling, M. M., Erk, P., Gomez, M., Koenemann, M., Locklin, J., Bao, Z.; “Air-Stable n-Channel Organic Semiconductors Base on Perylene Diimide Derivatives Without Strong Electron Withdrawing Groups”. Adv. Mater., 19, 1123-1127, 2007.

    Ling, M. M., Bao, Z.; “Complementary Inverter Using High Mobility Air-Stable Perylene Diimide Derivatives”. Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, 093508, 2007.


    Liu, S., Briseno, A., Mannsfeld, S. C. B., Locklin, J., You, W., Lee, H., Xia, Y., Bao, Z.; “Selective Crystallization of Organic Semiconductors on Patterned Templates of Carbon Nanotubes”. Adv. Func. Mater. 17, 2891-2896, 2007.


    Reese, C., Bao, Z.; “High Angular Resolution Measurement of the Anisotropy of Charge Transport in Single Crystals”. Adv. Mater. 19, 4535-4538, 2007. (Featured in Materials View).

    Liu, S., Wang, W., Mannsfeld, S. C. B., Locklin, J., Erk, P., Gomez, M., Richer, F., Bao, Z.; “Solution-Assisted Assembly of Organic Semiconducting Single Crystals on Surfaces with Patterned Wettability”. Langmuir, 23, 7428-7432, 2007.


    Fujiwara, T, Locklin J, Bao, Z.; “Solution Deposited Liquid Crystalline Semiconductors on a Photoalignment Layer for Organic Thin-Film Transistors”. Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 232108, 2007.


    Schmidt, R., Ling, M.M., Oh, J.H. Winkler, M.; Könemann, M., Bao, Z., Würthner, F.; “Core-Fluorinated Perylene Bisimide Dyes: Air Stable n-Channel Organic Semiconductors for Thin Film Transistors with Exceptionally High on-to-Off Current Ratios”. Adv. Mater. 19, 3692-3695, 2007.

    Ling, M.M., Reese, C., Briseno, A. L., Bao, Z.; “Probing the Anisotropy of Charge Carrier Mobility in the Tetracene Single Crystal”. Syn. Met., 157, 257-260, 2007.

    Sung, A., Ling, M.M., Tang, M.L., Bao, Z., Locklin, J.; “Correlating Molecular Structure to Field-Effect Mobility: The Investigation of Side-Chain Functionality in Phenylene - Thiophene Oligomers and Their Application in Field Effect Transistors”. Chem. Mater. 19, 2342-2351, 2007.

    Okamoto, T., Senatore, M.L., Ling, M.M., Mallik, A.B., Tang, M.L., Bao, Z.; “Synthesis, Characterization, and Thin Film Transistor Performance of Pentacene Derivatives”. Adv. Mater., 19, 3381-3384, 2007.


    Chen, H.Z., Ling, M.M., Mo, X., Shi, M.M., Bao, Z.; “Air Stable n-Channel Organic Semiconductors for Thin Film Transistors Based on Fluorinated Derivatives of Perylene Diimides”. Chem. Mater., 19, 816-824, 2007.


    Reese, C., Bao, Z.; “Organic Single-Crystal Field-Effect Transistors”. Mater. Today, 10, 20-27, 2007.


    Cho, N.J., Cheong, K.H., Lee, C.H., Frank, C.W., Glenn, J.S.; “Binding Dynamics of Hepatitus C. Virus’ NS5A Amphipathic Peptide to Cell and Model Membranes”. Journal of Virology, 81, 6682-6689, 2007.


    Cho, N.J., Cho, S.J., Cheong, K.H., Glenn, J.S., Frank, C.W.; “Employing an Amphipathic Viral Peptide to Create a Lipid Bilayer on Au and TiO2”. J. American Chemical Society, 129, 10050-10051, 2007.


    Cho, N.J., Kanazawa, K.K., Glenn, J.S., Frank, C.W.; “Employing Two Different Quartz Crystal Microbalance Models to Study Changes in Viscoelastic Behavior Upon Transformation of Lipid Vesicles to a Bilayer on a Gold Surface”. Analytical Chemistry, 79, 7027-7035, 2007.

    Cho, N.J., Cho, S.J., Hardesty, J.O., Glenn, J.S., Frank, C.W.; “Creation of Lipid Partitions by Deposition of Amphipathic Viral Peptides”. Langmuir, 23, 10855-10863, 2007.